[Spam] [IMPROVEDX] Death Certificates

Bob Gorman bgorman at KNCELL.ORG
Thu May 5 13:35:06 UTC 2016


On 5/5/2016 5:27 AM, DR WILLIAM CORCORAN wrote:
> Nothing has ever happened as a result of one cause.

Thank you Bill for your clear explanation.
A lot of my work is distinguishing between correlation, the love 
of statisticians,
and causation, the love of philosophers & those who care about 
achieving real results with real people.
For details on my approach see:
_The 5 Necessary and Sufficient Causes Model
http://www.kncell.org/5NSC.html
_Enjoy, Bob


>
> ·*Direct Causation*
> An inescapable fact is that every effect/ phenomenon/ result/ 
> consequence/ outcome/error is the direct result of a set of 
> conditions, behaviors, actions, and/or inactions. One 
> condition, behavior, action, or inaction cannot be the 
> causation of any effect/ phenomenon/ result/ consequence/ 
> outcome/error in the absence of at least one other 
> pre-existing predisposing set-up condition, behavior, action, 
> and/or inaction[1] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftn1>. 
> Thus one should not ask why, but rather, “What is the set of 
> conditions, behaviors, actions, and/or inactions that directly 
> resulted in the effect?
> Observation: The causation of an intersection collision 
> involves much more than running a stop sign.
> Observation: The causation of the Challenger accident involved 
> much more than low launch temperature.
> Observation: When one is told that X was caused by Y, ask 
> “What were the other conditions, behaviors, actions, and/or 
> inactions that were necessary for the occurrence of X?”
> Observation: “The Five Whys” naively and simplistically 
> ignores this inescapable fact[2] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftn2>.
> ·*Adequacy of Causation*[3]* 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftn3>*
> An inescapable fact is that the specified stated causation of 
> an effect/ phenomenon/ result/ consequence/ outcome is not 
> complete/ adequate unless it explains all of the attributes of 
> the effect/ phenomenon/ result/ consequence/ outcome. If the 
> stated causation does not explain all of the attributes of the 
> harm/ harmful item, there must be something missing or in error.
> Observation: Every event is its own ”Perfect Storm[4] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftn4>” 
> in the sense that if any part of the causation had been 
> different the resultant harm would be different.
> Observation: Any condition, behavior, action, or inaction that 
> affected one or more attributes of the harmful result was part 
> of the causation of the result.
> Observation: Any condition, behavior, action, or inaction that 
> affected one or more attributes of the harmful result 
> directly, i.e., without intermediation, was part of the direct 
> causation of the result.
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------
> [1] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftnref1> 
> For example, a spark will not result in an explosion unless it 
> is sufficiently close to an explosive item.
> [2] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftnref2> 
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_Whys
> [3] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftnref3> 
> Refined at Update 3.0
> [4] 
> <https://us-mg205.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch?.partner=sbc&retry_ssl=1#_ftnref4> 
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_storm
> Take care,
>
> Bill Corcoran
>
>
> William  R. Corcoran, Ph.D., P.E.
> 21 Broadleaf Circle
> Windsor, CT 06095-1634
> 860-285-8779
> William.R.Corcoran at 1959.USNA.com
> http://www.linkedin.com/in/williamcorcoranphdpe
> https://www.box.com/shared/kfxg1lt9dh
>







Moderator: David Meyers, Board Member, Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine


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