In Search of a Common Definition of Dx Error

Tom Benzoni benzonit at GMAIL.COM
Sun May 8 17:08:21 UTC 2016


Dr. Bell:

Interesting question you ask.

When I took Medical Jurisprudence >> 30 years ago, the medical system was
more open (and less capable.)

We paid MedMal fees then and now; we calculate MedMal costs into our fees
and lifestyle. So, really, it isn't about the money. Not to us. But is is
to nearly everyone else. (I don't think it's usually about the $ to the
patient/family, either, early on. That changes, I think, as part of the
suing process; that process demands money to move forward and
resolution/forgiveness would stop that process/money flow.)

Authorized in 1986 and commencing operation in 1990, NPDB changed
everything. There came into existence a central database of all the bad
things a Dr was alleged to have done as reported by legal processes. (There
is no corollary between committing malpractice and losing a lawsuit, either
positive or negative (You can be bad and not get sued and be good and get
sued. Losing the suit has no corollary to damage, either. A matter for
another day.)

Now, when sued, win/lose/draw, there is a permanent black mark that must be
reported on any application submitted. Additionally, we are ordered, under
threat of no insurance coverage, to shut up and not talk to anyone (which
is exactly the opposite of recommendations but does further the interests
of those moving the process, above.)

Given this, Medmal suits must be understood as criminal (not civil; we have
to Check the Box forever) prosecutions with a 49/51 burden of proof and
soft rules of evidence. Very low expectations for creating meaningful
change must be set for such a system.

tom

On Fri, May 6, 2016 at 7:12 PM, robert bell <
0000000296e45ec4-dmarc-request at list.improvediagnosis.org> wrote:

> Lenny,
>
> Could changing litigation laws for the Medical Industry help us collect
> good error data?
>
> If yes, should we do something now?
>
> My gut feeling tells me with all the constant small errors that HCPs make,
> that deaths are probably more than 100,000 a year - but please prove me
> wrong!  Is that about 17 per hospital per year?
>
> Rob Bell
>
>
>
>
>
>
> On May 6, 2016, at 8:24 AM, Mittal, Manoj K <MITTAL at EMAIL.CHOP.EDU> wrote:
>
> Here! Here!
> Well said, Lenny!
>
> Manoj
>
>
>
>
> Manoj K. Mittal, MD, MRCP (UK), FAAP, FACEP
> Medical Director,
> Pediatric ED, St Mary Medical Center, Langhorne, PA
> Attending Physician
> Co-Chair, QI and Patient Safety Committee
> Division of Emergency Medicine
> The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
> Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
> Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
> Philadelphia, PA
> Tel: (215) 590 1944
> Fax: (215) 590 4454
>
> ------------------------------
> *From:* Leonard Berlin <lberlin at LIVE.COM>
> *Sent:* Friday, May 6, 2016 10:55 AM
> *To:* IMPROVEDX at LIST.IMPROVEDIAGNOSIS.ORG
> *Subject:* Re: [IMPROVEDX] In Search of a Common Definition of Dx Error
>
> Over the past several days I have enjoyed reading the long list of
> commentaries submitted by very bright and caring physicians.
>  medical-associated people,  and researchers,  on the subject of the
> frequency of medical errors and their  role in causing death of patients.
> This has led me to conclude the following undeniable *fact:*
>
>  *NOBODY KNOWS HOW MANY MEDICAL ERRORS ARE COMMITTED, AND NOBODY KNOWS
> HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE KILLED BY MEDICAL ERRORS!*
>
> The articles by Makary and others that calculate numbers related to
> medical errors and patient injury *are nothing more than statistical
> projections,  extrapolations, estimates, and conjectures.  *
>
> Makary, Johns Hopkins, and the BMJ got great international headlines
> by "estimating" that 251,454 patients die of medical mistakes annually.
> Needless to say, the word "estimating" doesn't appear very much,  if at
> all, in the headlines and limited text proclaimed  in newspaper and TV news
> reports.
>
> Today, physicians  in all specialties are presumably  practicing
> "evidence-based-medicine."
>
> When it comes to medical errors, there is no "evidence!"
>
> Yes, focusing attention on medical errors is certainly productive, and
> indeed encourages all of us to improve medical care safety and reduce
> errors.  And clearly, supporting organizations such as  SIDM is a step in
> the right direction.
>
> We should be transparent to the public, but frightening everyone and
> causing them to lose confidence in their physicians is
> counterproductive. Our message to the public should be an honest one:
>  MEDICAL ERRORS DO OCCUR, BUT WE DO NOT KNOW, AND WILL NEVER KNOW, HOW MANY
> PATIENTS DIE DUE TO A MEDICAL ERROR; HOWEVER, WE ARE WORKING ON WAYS TO
> REDUCE THEM.
>
> Lenny
> ------------------------------
> Date: Thu, 5 May 2016 14:23:22 -0500
> From: ruthryan at COX.NET
> Subject: [IMPROVEDX] In Search of a Common Definition of Dx Error
> To: IMPROVEDX at LIST.IMPROVEDIAGNOSIS.ORG
>
> To all,
>
>
> Allow me to pick the finest brains on this topic.  Should SIDM adopt one
> of these definitions below, or craft a combination of these elements?  How
> would you define it?
>
>
> *DEFINITIONS OF DIAGNOSTIC ERROR*
>
> *Author*
> *Source or Citation*
> *Definition*
> *Mark Graber*
> Diagnostic errors in medicine: a case of neglect. *Jt Comm J Qual Patient
> Saf*. 2005.
>
>
> Graber ML, Franklin N, Gordon R. Diagnostic error in internal medicine. *Arch
> Intern Med*. 2005
> Medical diagnoses that are wrong, missed, or delayed.
>
>
> A diagnosis that was unintentionally delayed (sufficient information was
> available earlier), wrong (another diagnosis was made before the correct
> one), or missed (no diagnosis was ever made), as judged from the eventual
> appreciation of more definitive information.
>
>
> *Hardeep Singh*
>
> Helping healthcare organizations to define diagnostic errors as
> opportunities in diagnosis. *Jt Comm J Patient Safety,* 2014.
>
>
> A breakdown in the diagnostic process and a missed opportunity to have
> made the diagnosis more accurately or more efficiently…regardless of
> whether there was patient harm.
> *Gordon Schiff et al*
> Schiff GD, Hasan O, Kim S, Abrams R, Cosby K, Lambert BL, et al.
> Diagnostic Error in Medicine: Analysis of 583 Physician-Reported Errors. *Arch
> Intern Med*. 2009
> Any mistake or failure in the diagnostic process leading to a
> misdiagnosis, a missed diagnosis, or a delayed diagnosis. This could
> include any failure in timely access to care; elicitation or interpretation
> of symptoms, signs, or laboratory results; formulation and weighing of
> differential diagnosis; and timely follow-up and specialty referral or
> evaluation.
>
>
> *Institute of Medicine*
> Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, 2015 report Institute of Medicine
> (IOM)
> The failure to establish an accurate and timely explanation of the
> patient's health problem(s) or to communicate that explanation to the
> patient.
>
>
>
> *BEST DEFINITION OR COMBINED DEFINITION:*
>
> *Fill in the blank*
>
>
>
>
>
> *Ruth*
>
>
> Ruth Ryan RN, BSN, MSW, CPHRM
> Medical writer
> Risk management/patient safety
> Continuing medical education
> Telephone (504) 256-8797
> Email ruthryan at cox.net
> <image001.jpg>
>
>
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
>
> To unsubscribe from IMPROVEDX: click the following link:
>
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>
> Moderator:David Meyers, Board Member, Society for Improving Diagnosis in
> Medicine
>
> To learn more about SIDM visit:
> http://www.improvediagnosis.org/
>
> ------------------------------
>
>
> To unsubscribe from IMPROVEDX: click the following link:
>
> http://list.improvediagnosis.org/scripts/wa-IMPDIAG.exe?SUBED1=IMPROVEDX&A=1
>
> or send email to: IMPROVEDX-SIGNOFF-REQUEST at LIST.IMPROVEDIAGNOSIS.ORG
>
>
>
> Moderator:David Meyers, Board Member, Society for Improving Diagnosis in
> Medicine
>
> To learn more about SIDM visit:
> http://www.improvediagnosis.org/
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
>
> To unsubscribe from IMPROVEDX: click the following link:
>
> http://list.improvediagnosis.org/scripts/wa-IMPDIAG.exe?SUBED1=IMPROVEDX&A=1
>
> or send email to: IMPROVEDX-SIGNOFF-REQUEST at LIST.IMPROVEDIAGNOSIS.ORG
>
>
>
> Moderator:David Meyers, Board Member, Society for Improving Diagnosis in
> Medicine
>
> To learn more about SIDM visit:
> http://www.improvediagnosis.org/
>
>
> Robert M. Bell, M.D., Ph.C.
> P.O. Box 3668
> West Sedona, AZ  86340-3668
> USA
> Tel: Fax: 928 203-4517
>
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
>
> To unsubscribe from IMPROVEDX: click the following link:
>
> http://list.improvediagnosis.org/scripts/wa-IMPDIAG.exe?SUBED1=IMPROVEDX&A=1
> or send email to: IMPROVEDX-SIGNOFF-REQUEST at LIST.IMPROVEDIAGNOSIS.ORG
>
> Moderator:David Meyers, Board Member, Society for Improving Diagnosis in
> Medicine
>
> To learn more about SIDM visit:
> http://www.improvediagnosis.org/
>






Moderator: David Meyers, Board Member, Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine


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